The realities of modern transport logistics are a vivid example and evidence of the fact that the progress in the sector of transportation and methods of delivery directly proportional demonstrates the development of the economic status of the country, as well as business in the field of exports and imports.
Container transportation by sea
The evolution in this industry has taken the hyperbolic steps from freight transportation by nomadic camels and donkeys to transportation by sea, which became practicable in the late 15th century thanks to the discovery of sea routes. Today, container transportation is one of the most popular ways to deliver various types of cargo even to the most remote points of the world. Offering a wide range of destinations, the most popular are container transportations by sea to China, USA, Spain, Argentina and New Zealand; sending goods to Russia, Kazakhstan and the countries of the near abroad is also very popular and simplifies the business partnerships worldwide.
This type of transportation has become reasonably popular due to a number of advantages such as cost-effectiveness, safety and environmental friendliness. Many consignors prefer this type of transportation (even though it is not the fastest) first of all because of a low cost-price. For example, it takes, on the average, a month to send a container from the port of Odessa (Ukraine) to the port of Guangzhou (China) by sea. It is worth noting, however, that the safety of cargo while container transportation by sea is up to 100%. Permanent stay of cargo in a container ensures that it will not be damaged in the process of transfer from one means of transport to another. This index may be differentiated depending upon the particular item of delivery.
International container transportation
Talking about the advantages of sea transport, we should note almost unlimited carrying capacity of rolling stock (everything depends on particular shipment). The transportation companies can easily satisfy any wish of a customer and send cargo in 20 or 40 feet container (it depends on the size and capacity of the business, operated by customer). Accordance with the international maritime legislation governing transportation by sea, namely adherence to Incoterms, will facilitate delivery to any point of the world.
Due to regularity of sailings, the risk of delayed shipments is minimized. Effective cooperation of transport companies with shipping lines can meet all requirements of shipper. All these advantages in the aggregate make this type of delivery the most appropriate and reasonable in the matter of cost of services for both start-up companies and large corporations. The transportation by sea can ensure world-class service, absolute security and safety of cargo as well as full compliance with Incoterms.
Multimodal transport is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means of transport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport (by rail, sea and road, for example). The carrier does not have to possess all the means of transport and in practice usually does not; the carriage is often performed by sub-carriers (referred to in legal language as “actual carriers”). The carrier responsible for the entire carriage is referred to as a multimodal transport operator, or MTO.